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Ghana Military


The Military of Ghana consists of the Army, Navy, Air Force, National Police Force, Palace Guard and Civil Defence, with the lowest ratio of active troops per thousand citizens in the world standing at 0.33. Ghana's modern military was formed after independence in 1957. The Ghanaian military is primarily composed of the army, which forms the pre-eminent service, more important that the air force or navy. From 1966 the military was extensively involved in politics, mounting several coups. The Ghanaian military today is considered the most professional armed force in West Africa.

Ghana's nominal chief military commander is the President of The Republic, with various generals and other commanders leading troops in the field. The Ministry of Defence and Central Defence Headquarters are both located in Accra. Accra, in the British colony of the Gold Coast, was also the location of the British Army’s Headquarters West Africa Command which remained there until its disbandment in 1956.

The Ghanaian military often has to make do with poorly-serviced weaponry and equipment due to lack of maintenance training and capability. As a result, maintenance tasks are often contracted to the United Nations and other foreign military advisors and technicians.

As Ghana itself is a peaceful nation, enjoying stable relations with its neighbours in West Africa, Ghana is free to commit a large proportion of its armed forces to international peacekeeping operations. The UN has often relied on Ghanaian forces to conduct peacekeeping operations, in countries as diverse as Rwanda, Kosovo and Lebanon.


Military branches
Ghanaian Army, Ghanaian Navy, Ghanaian Air Force (2007)

Military service age and obligation
18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)

Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49 5,802,096
females age 16-49 5,729,939 (2008 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49 3,737,481
females age 16-49 3,729,699 (2008 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male 273,265
female 267,204 (2008 est.)

Military expenditures
0.8% of GDP (2006 est.)





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